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1. Defining the activity
A nightclub, more commonly known as a nightclub, is an establishment open to a major public, with a dance floor and a cab housing a disc jockey.
The operator of a nightclub must include:
- Coordinating teams
- Control the maintenance of equipment and facilities
- Conduct accounting and administrative management of the structure
- to deal with the communication of upcoming events at his institution.
b. competent CFE
The relevant CFE depends on the nature of the structure in which the activity is carried out:
- for commercial companies, it is the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI);
- for civil societies, this is the registry of the Commercial Court;
- for civil societies in the departments of the Lower Rhine, Upper Rhine and Moselle, this is the registry of the district court.
Good to know
The activity is considered commercial as long as the company has more than ten employees (except in the Lower Rhine, Upper Rhine and Moselle where the activity remains artisanal regardless of the number of employees of the company provided that it does not use an industrial process). On the other hand, if the company has ten or fewer employees, its activity is considered artisanal. Finally, if the professional has a buying and resale activity, his activity is both artisanal and commercial.
Two degrees. Installation conditions
a. Professional qualifications
No specific diploma is required for the profession of nightclub operator. However, the individual is advised to have a solid knowledge of the operation of leisure structures, accounting and communication.
b. Professional Qualifications - EU or EEA nationals (Free Service Or Free Establishment)
A national of a Member State of the European Union (EU) or a party to the European Economic Area (EEA) is not subject to any qualification or certification requirements, as are the French.
c. Honorability and incompatibility
The professional, who wishes to open a disco, is required to respect a number of rules including:
- prohibition on the sale of alcohol to persons under the age of 18. It is also forbidden to receive minors under the age of 16 if they are not accompanied by a parent, their legal guardian or a person over the age of 18 with his or her care or supervision;
- The smoking ban in enclosed and covered areas.
To go further Article L. 3342-3 of the Public Health Code.
d. Some peculiarities of the regulation of the activity
If necessary, comply with the general regulations applicable to all public institutions (ERP)
As the premises are open to the public, the professional must comply with the rules relating to public institutions (ERP):
For more information, please refer to the "Public Receiving Establishment (ERP)" sheet.
Respect for operating schedules
The operator of a nightclub is required to close the premises at 7 a.m.
Exemptions may be granted by the municipality of these establishments.
To go further Article D. 314-1 of the Tourism Code.
Availability of ethyllotests
The operator must make available to the public breathalysers that have been checked periodically. They should be marked with posters and accompanied by an explanatory note.
To go further Article L. 3341-4 of the Public Health Code.
Three degrees. Installation procedures and formalities
a. Company reporting formalities
Depending on the nature of the business, the entrepreneur must register with the Trades and Crafts Register (RMA) or the Trade and Corporate Register (RCS). It is advisable to refer to the "Commercial Company Reporting Formalities" and "Registration of a Commercial Individual Company at the RCS" for more information.
b. Requirement to hold a licence for the flow of beverages
The operator of a nightclub that sells alcoholic beverages is licensed.
What to know
Licensing is only possible if the operator:
- is an emancipated minor (or minor);
- is not under guardianship;
- was not sentenced for criminal offences, pimping, theft, fraud or breach of trust.
Prior to obtaining the licence, the operator must have a operating permits delivered after receiving specific training on the prevention and control of alcoholism, the protection of minors, drug legislation and noise control.
In parallel with the operator's application for an operating licence, the operator must submit a pre-reporting at the town hall of the place of installation, which will later issue a receipt justifying the possession of the license.
c. Post-installation authorisation
Obligation to enter into a performance contract with the Society of Composers and Music Publishers (SACEM)
As soon as a disco broadcasts music, its leader is obliged to apply for permission from SACEM, by signing a performance contract.
Prior to its conclusion, a first Declaration , completed, dated and signed, must be forwarded to SACEM who will acknowledge this by returning the contract of representation to be signed.
Once SACEM has granted permission to broadcast, the operator of the disco will have to pay him a copyright based on the turnover he makes.
To go further Articles L. 132-18 to L. 132-20-2 of the Intellectual Property Code.
Requirement to report its activity to the Corporation for the collection of fair compensation for the communication of commercial phonograms (SPRE) to the public
Unlike SACEM, which pays authors, composers and music publishers, the SPRE pays the broadcasting rights (called Fair compensation ) to performers and phonogram producers.
The amount of fair compensation will take into account the turnover achieved.
The operator will be required to report his activity annually to the SPRE and send the following supporting documents:
- The declaration slip completed, dated and signed;
- A certified copy of the result account or the class 7 account list
- for micro-enterprises, a certified copy of the extract from Form 2042, under BIC.
The operator who does not accompany his declaration of the required proof would automatically trigger an invoice of 580 euros per month minimum.
To go further Articles L. 214-1 and the following of the Intellectual Property Code.
Obligation to carry out a study of the impact of noise pollution
The operator of a disco must establish a study of the impact of noise disturbances that could affect the tranquillity or health of the neighbourhood.
It should include:
- acoustic diagnosis to estimate acoustic pressure levels inside and outside the premises;
- a description of the arrangements taken to limit the noise level (sound insulation work, installation of an acoustic pressure limiter, etc.).
In the event of significant disturbances related to the broadcasting of music, criminal penalties (5th class fine) may be applied to the operator.
This study should be updated with each change in venue layout or activity.
To go further Articles R. 571-25 to R. 571-28 of the Environment Code.